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in the Catholic Mystic Tradition

Praying the Rosary

 

Learning How to Pray  |  Spiritual Counsels  |  Books  |  About CSF

 
Introductory Prayers | Preliminary Prayers | The Circlet of Beads |
Optional Concluding Prayers | Distractions During Prayer | Scriptural References for Each Mystery

 
HE Apostles’s Creed, the Our Father, and the Hail Mary are the only “official” prayers of the Rosary. Other prayers may be added according to custom.

 
Introductory Prayers

The Sign of the Cross

Hold the crucifix of the Rosary beads in your right hand and make the Sign of the Cross, touching the crucifix to your forehead, chest, and left and right shoulders. If you watch people in church, however, you will often see them making the Sign of the Cross so hastily that they seem to be brushing flies away from their faces. Make the sign deliberately and with reverence, for, when you do make the Sign of the Cross, you make an implicit agreement to take up your own cross by accepting—without protest or resentment—all suffering for the sake of the conversion of sinners. Whether you keep that agreement, well, only God knows. But you will be accountable for it on the day of your judgment. That thought should give you pause.

 

 

English

Latin

______________________

_____________

 

IN the Name of the Father

(Forehead)

IN nómine Patris

and of the Son

(Mid-chest)

et Fílii

and of the Holy

(Left Shoulder)

et Spíritus

Spirit.

(Right Shoulder)

Sancti.

Amen.

 

Amen.

 

 
Soul of Christ (Anima Christi)

SOUL of Christ, sanctify me.
Body of Christ, save me.
Blood of Christ, inebriate me.
Water from the side of Christ, wash me.
Passion of Christ, strengthen me.
O good Jesus, hear me.
Within thy wounds hide me.
Suffer me not to be separated from Thee.
From the malignant enemy defend me.
In the hour of my death call me.
And bid me come to Thee,
That with Thy saints I may praise Thee
For ever and ever.
Amen.

 
Preliminary Prayers

The Apostles’ Creed (Credo)

While still holding the crucifix, pray the Apostles’ Creed.

I BELIEVE in God, the Father almighty
Creator of heaven and earth;
and in Jesus Christ,
His only Son, our Lord,
Who was conceived by
the Holy Spirit,
born of the Virgin Mary,
suffered under Pontius Pilate,
was crucified, died, and was buried.
He descended into hell;
on the third day He rose again
from the dead;
He ascended into heaven,
and is seated at the right hand
of God the Father almighty.
From there He will come to judge
the living and the dead.
I believe in the Holy Spirit,
the holy catholic Church,
the communion of saints,
the forgiveness of sins,
the resurrection of the body,
and life everlasting. Amen.

 
The Our Father (Pater Noster)

On the first single bead closest to the crucifix, pray the Our Father.

Be careful not to slur together the seven petitions of the Our Father (Matthew 6:9–13) like the “elemeno Ps” of the grammar school alphabet. Say this prayer slowly, carefully, and distinctly.

Read an excerpt from a letter by Saint Augustine
about the Lord’s Prayer)

 

OUR Father, who art in Heaven,

(1)

hallowed be thy Name,

(2)

thy kingdom come,

(3)

thy will be done,

 

on Earth as it is in Heaven.

(4)

Give us this day our daily bread;

(5)

and forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us;

(6)

And lead us not into temptation,

(7)

but deliver us from evil.

 

Amen.

 
The Hail Mary (Ave María)

On each of the next three small beads, pray a Hail Mary for an increase in Faith, Hope, and Charity.

HAIL, Mary, full of grace,
the Lord is with thee;
blessed art thou among women,
and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus.
Holy Mary, Mother of God,
pray for us sinners,
now and at the hour of our death. Amen.

 
The Glory Be (Glória Patri)

On the last single bead, pray the Glory Be.

GLORY be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy
   Spirit.
As it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be,
   world without end. Amen.

 
The Circlet of Beads

The traditional Rosary has fifteen mysteries, and, in his method, Saint Louis Marie de Montfort added a prayer to Christ for a specific spiritual gift associated with each mystery.

On the Medallion, call to mind the first mystery and its related spiritual gift. Read the related Bible passage, if you wish—see below. Pray the Our Father.

Pray a Hail Mary on each of the decade (group of ten) beads while meditating on the mystery.

Pray the Glory Be on the space after the last bead of each decade. (This prayer is optional; Saint Louie de Montfort is credited with introducing its use in the Rosary.)  

Following the Glory Be, many persons say the prayer given by the Blessed Virgin to the children at Fátima [1]: “O my Jesus, forgive us our sins and save us from the fires of hell. Please lead all souls to heaven, especially those in most need of Thy mercy.”

Following the Fátima prayer, say, according to the method of Saint Louis de Montfort, “May the grace of the mystery of the [current mystery] come down into our souls.”

On the single bead, call to mind the next mystery and pray the Our Father.

Continue through the remaining beads.

The Joyful Mysteries  (Mondays,Thursdays, and the Sundays of Advent)

The Annunciation

Profound Humility

The Visitation

Charity towards our neighbor

The Nativity

Detachment from the things of the world, contempt of riches, and love of poverty

The Presentation in the Temple

Purity of body and soul

The Finding of Our Lord in the Temple
 

True wisdom

The Sorrowful Mysteries  (Tuesdays, Fridays, and the Sundays during Lent)

The Agony in the Garden

Contrition for our sins

The Scourging

The grace of mortifying our senses

The Crowning with Thorns

Contempt of the world

The Carrying of the Cross

Patience in bearing our crosses

The Crucifixion
 

The conversion of sinners, the perseverance of the just, and relief of the souls in purgatory
 

The Glorious Mysteries  (Wednesdays, Saturdays, and the Sundays outside Advent and Lent)

The Resurrection

Love of God and fervor in His service

The Ascension

Ardent desire for heaven, our true home

The Descent of the Holy Spirit (Pentecost)

The coming of the Holy Spirit into our souls

The Assumption of the Blessed Virgin into Heaven

Tender devotion for so good a mother

The Coronation of the Blessed Virgin as Queen of Heaven

Perseverance in grace and a crown of glory hereafter

 

The Luminous Mysteries

In his document Rosarium Virginis Mariae (October 2002), Pope John Paul II suggested five new mysteries. These mysteries are entirely optional.[2] If they are used, then the suggested schedule is as follows: The Joyful Mysteries on Mondays and Saturdays; the Sorrowful Mysteries on Tuesdays and Fridays; the Luminous Mysteries on Thursdays; and the Glorious Mysteries on Wednesdays and Sundays.

 

The Baptism in the Jordan

The Self-manifestation at the Wedding of Cana

The Proclamation of the Kingdom of God

The Transfiguration

The Institution of the Eucharist
 

 
Optional Concluding Prayers

Hail, Holy Queen (Salve Regina)

HAIL, Holy Queen,
Mother of Mercy;
hail, our life, our sweetness, and our hope!
To thee do we cry,
poor banished children of Eve;
to thee do we send up our sighs,
mourning and weeping in this vale of tears.
Turn then, most gracious Advocate,
thine eyes of mercy towards us:
and after this our exile,
show unto us the blessed fruit of thy womb, Jesus.
O clement, O loving,
O sweet Virgin Mary!
 
V. Pray for us, O holy Mother of God.
R. That we may be made worthy of the promises of Christ.

Prayer to Saint Joseph, during the month of October

In 1889, Pope Leo XIII wrote in Quamquam pluries, “We prescribe that during the whole month of October, at the recitation of the Rosary, for which We have already legislated, a prayer to St. Joseph be added, the formula of which will be sent with this letter, and that this custom should be repeated every year.”
 

TO thee, O blessed Joseph, do we have recourse in our tribulation, and having implored the help of thy thrice-holy Spouse, we confidently invoke thy patronage also. By that charity wherewith thou wast united to the immaculate Virgin Mother of God, and by that fatherly affection with which thou didst embrace the Child Jesus, we beseech thee and we humbly pray, that thou wouldst look graciously upon the inheritance which Jesus Christ hath purchased by His Blood, and assist us in our needs by thy power and strength.
 
Most watchful Guardian of the Holy Family, protect the chosen people of Jesus Christ; keep far from us, most loving father, all blight of error and corruption; mercifully assist us from heaven, most mighty defender, in this our conflict with the powers of darkness; and, even as of old thou didst rescue the Child Jesus from the supreme peril of His life, so now defend God’s Holy Church from the snares of the enemy and from all adversity; keep us one and all under thy continual protection, that we may be supported by thine example and thine assistance, may be enabled to lead a holy life, die a happy death, and come at last to the possession of everlasting blessedness in heaven. Amen.

 
Distractions During the Rosary

Our minds will always tend to wander when praying the Rosary. So, when you encounter distracting thoughts during the meditations, you can do several things:

First, take a brief mental “time out” and do what you can to recognize the content of your “wanderings.”

Then look at the distractions psychologically and seek to explain to yourself why they are happening just at that moment and what they are telling you about the current difficulties and challenges you face in your life.

Then look into the mystery of the Rosary in which these distractions occur for guidance in addressing your current challenges.

Finally, say to yourself, “It’s OK. I don’t have to repeat the prayer until I get it perfect. My intent is love; I don’t have to be perfect to love, and I don’t have to be perfect in not having intruding thoughts. So let’s return to the prayer.”

 
Scriptural References

THE JOYFUL MYSTERIES

The Annunciation

Profound Humility

Luke 1:26-38

n the sixth month, the angel Gabriel was sent from God to a town of Galilee called Nazareth, to a virgin betrothed to a man named Joseph, of the house of David, and the virgin’s name was Mary.
     And coming to her, he said, “Hail, favored one! The Lord is with you.” But she was greatly troubled at what was said and pondered what sort of greeting this might be. Then the angel said to her, “Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God. Behold, you will conceive in your womb and bear a Son, and you shall name Him Jesus. He will be great and will be called Son of the Most High, and the Lord God will give Him the throne of David His father, and He will rule over the house of Jacob forever, and of His Kingdom there will be no end.”
     But Mary said to the angel, “How can this be, since I have no relations with a man?” And the angel said to her in reply, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. Therefore the Child to be born will be called Holy, the Son of God. And behold, Elizabeth, your relative, has also conceived a son in her old age, and this is the sixth month for her who was called barren; for nothing will be impossible for God.”
     Mary said, “Behold, I am the handmaid of the Lord. May it be done to me according to your word.”
     Then the angel departed from her.
 
 

The Visitation

Charity towards our neighbor

Luke 1:39-45, 56

During those days Mary set out and traveled to the hill country in haste to a town of Judah, where she entered the house of Zechariah and greeted Elizabeth. When Elizabeth heard Mary’s greeting, the infant leaped in her womb, and Elizabeth, filled with the Holy Spirit, cried out in a loud voice and said, “Most blessed are you among women, and blessed is the fruit of your womb. And how does this happen to me, that the mother of my Lord should come to me? For at the moment the sound of your greeting reached my ears, the infant in my womb leaped for joy. Blessed are you who believed that what was spoken to you by the Lord would be fulfilled.” . . . Mary remained with her about three months and then returned to her home.
 
 

The Nativity

Detachment from the things of the world, contempt of riches, and love of poverty

Luke 2:1-7

n those days a decree went out from Caesar Augustus that the whole world should be enrolled. This was the first enrollment, when Quirinius was governor of Syria. So all went to be enrolled, each to his own town. And Joseph too went up from Galilee from the town of Nazareth to Judea, to the city of David that is called Bethlehem, because he was of the house and family of David, to be enrolled with Mary, his betrothed, who was with child.
     While they were there, the time came for her to have her child, and she gave birth to her firstborn Son. She wrapped Him in swaddling clothes and laid Him in a manger, because there was no room for them in the inn.
 
 

The Presentation in the Temple

Purity of body and soul

Luke 2:22, 25-35

hen the days were completed for their purification according to the law of Moses, they took Him up to Jerusalem to present Him to the Lord. . . .
     Now there was a man in Jerusalem whose name was Simeon. This man was righteous and devout, awaiting the consolation of Israel, and the Holy Spirit was upon him. It had been revealed to him by the Holy Spirit that he should not see death before he had seen the Messiah of the Lord. He came in the Spirit into the temple; and when the parents brought in the child Jesus to perform the custom of the law in regard to Him, he took Him into his arms and blessed God, saying: “Now, Master, you may let your servant go in peace, according to your word, for my eyes have seen Your salvation, which You prepared in sight of all the peoples, a light for revelation to the Gentiles, and glory for Your people Israel.”
     The child’s father and mother were amazed at what was said about Him; and Simeon blessed them and said to Mary His mother, “Behold, this child is destined for the fall and rise of many in Israel, and to be a sign that will be contradicted (and you yourself a sword will pierce) so that the thoughts of many hearts may be revealed.”
 
 

The Finding of Our Lord in the Temple
 

True wisdom

Luke 2:41-51

ach year His parents went to Jerusalem for the feast of Passover, and when He was twelve years old, they went up according to festival custom. After they had completed its days, as they were returning, the boy Jesus remained behind in Jerusalem, but His parents did not know it. Thinking that He was in the caravan, they journeyed for a day and looked for Him among their relatives and acquaintances, but not finding Him, they returned to Jerusalem to look for Him.
     After three days they found Him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the teachers, listening to them and asking them questions, and all who heard Him were astounded at His understanding and His answers.
     When His parents saw Him, they were astonished, and His mother said to Him, “Son, why have you done this to us? Your father and I have been looking for You with great anxiety.”
     And He said to them, “Why were you looking for Me? Did you not know that I must be in My Father’s house?”   But they did not understand what He said to them. He went down with them and came to Nazareth, and was obedient to them; and His mother kept all these things in her heart.
 
 

THE LUMINOUS MYSTERIES

The Baptism in the Jordan

Matthew 3:13-17

hen Jesus came from Galilee to John at the Jordan to be baptized by him. John tried to prevent Him, saying, “I need to be baptized by You, and yet You are coming to me?”
     Jesus said to him in reply, “Allow it now, for thus it is fitting for us to fulfill all righteousness.” Then He allowed him.
     After Jesus was baptized, He came up from the water and behold, the heavens were opened (for Him), and He saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove (and) coming upon Him. And a voice came from the heavens, saying, “This is My beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased.”
 
 

The Self-manifestation at the Wedding of Cana

John 2:1-11

n the third day there was a wedding in Cana in Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there. Jesus and His disciples were also invited to the wedding.
     When the wine ran short, the mother of Jesus said to Him, “They have no wine." (And) Jesus said to her, “Woman, how does your concern affect Me? My hour has not yet come.” His mother said to the servers, “Do whatever He tells you.”
     Now there were six stone water jars there for Jewish ceremonial washings, each holding twenty to thirty gallons. Jesus told them, “Fill the jars with water.” So they filled them to the brim. Then He told them, “Draw some out now and take it to the headwaiter.” So they took it.
     And when the headwaiter tasted the water that had become wine, without knowing where it came from (although the servers who had drawn the water knew), the headwaiter called the bridegroom and said to him, “Everyone serves good wine first, and then when people have drunk freely, an inferior one; but you have kept the good wine until now.”
     Jesus did this as the beginning of His signs in Cana in Galilee and so revealed His glory, and His disciples began to believe in Him.
 
 

The Proclamation of the Kingdom of God

Matthew 5:1-12

hen He saw the crowds, He went up the mountain, and after He had sat down, His disciples came to Him. He began to teach them, saying:
 
“Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
Blessed are they who mourn, for they will be comforted.
Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the land.
Blessed are they who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they will be satisfied.
Blessed are the merciful, for they will be shown mercy.
Blessed are the clean of heart, for they will see God.
Blessed are the peacemakers, for they will be called children of God.
Blessed are they who are persecuted for the sake of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
Blessed are you when they insult you and persecute you and utter every kind of evil against you (falsely) because of Me.
Rejoice and be glad, for your reward will be great in heaven. Thus they persecuted the prophets who were before you.”.
 
 

The Transfiguration

Matthew 17:1-9

After six days Jesus took Peter, James, and John his brother, and led them up a high mountain by themselves. And He was transfigured before them; His face shone like the sun and His clothes became white as light. And behold, Moses and Elijah appeared to them, conversing with Him.
     Then Peter said to Jesus in reply, “Lord, it is good that we are here. If You wish, I will make three tents here, one for You, one for Moses, and one for Elijah.”
     While he was still speaking, behold, a bright cloud cast a shadow over them, then from the cloud came a voice that said, “This is My beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased; listen to Him.”
     When the disciples heard this, they fell prostrate and were very much afraid. But Jesus came and touched them, saying, “Rise, and do not be afraid.” And when the disciples raised their eyes, they saw no one else but Jesus alone.
     As they were coming down from the mountain, Jesus charged them, “Do not tell the vision to anyone until the Son of Man has been raised from the dead.”
 
 

The Institution of the Eucharist
 

Matthew 26:26-28

While they were eating, Jesus took bread, said the blessing, broke it, and giving it to His disciples said, “Take and eat; this is My body.” Then He took a cup, gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, “Drink from it, all of you, for this is My blood of the covenant, which will be shed on behalf of many for the forgiveness of sins.”
 
 

THE SORROWFUL MYSTERIES

The Agony in the Garden

Contrition for our sins

Mark 14:32-42

Then they came to a place named Gethsemane, and He said to His disciples, “Sit here while I pray.” He took with him Peter, James, and John, and began to be troubled and distressed. Then He said to them, “My soul is sorrowful even to death. Remain here and keep watch.”
     He advanced a little and fell to the ground and prayed that if it were possible the hour might pass by Him; He said, “Abba, Father, all things are possible to You. Take this cup away from Me, but not what I will but what You will.”
     When He returned He found them asleep. He said to Peter, “Simon, are you asleep? Could you not keep watch for one hour? Watch and pray that you may not undergo the test. The spirit is willing but the flesh is weak.”
     Withdrawing again, He prayed, saying the same thing.
     Then He returned once more and found them asleep, for they could not keep their eyes open and did not know what to answer Him.
     He returned a third time and said to them, “Are you still sleeping and taking your rest? It is enough. The hour has come. Behold, the Son of Man is to be handed over to sinners. Get up, let us go. See, My betrayer is at hand.”.
 
 

The Scourging

The grace of mortifying our senses

Mark 15:6-15

Now on the occasion of the feast he used to release to them one prisoner whom they requested. A man called Barabbas was then in prison along with the rebels who had committed murder in a rebellion.
     The crowd came forward and began to ask him to do for them as he was accustomed.
     Pilate answered, “Do you want me to release to you the king of the Jews?” For he knew that it was out of envy that the chief priests had handed Him over.
     But the chief priests stirred up the crowd to have him release Barabbas for them instead.
     Pilate again said to them in reply, “Then what (do you want) me to do with (the man you call) the king of the Jews?”
     They shouted again, “Crucify Him.”
     Pilate said to them, “Why? What evil has He done?” They only shouted the louder, “Crucify Him.”
     So Pilate, wishing to satisfy the crowd, released Barabbas to them and . . . he had Jesus scourged. . . .
 
 

The Crowning with Thorns

Contempt of the world

Matthew 27:27-30

Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus inside the praetorium and gathered the whole cohort around Him. They stripped off His clothes and threw a scarlet military cloak about Him. Weaving a crown out of thorns, they placed it on His head, and a reed in His right hand. And kneeling before Him, they mocked Him, saying, “Hail, King of the Jews!”
     They spat upon Him and took the reed and kept striking Him on the head.
 
 

The Carrying of the Cross

Patience in bearing our crosses

John 19:4, 12, 14-17

Once more Pilate went out and said to them, “Look, I am bringing Him out to you, so that you may know that I find no guilt in Him.” . . .
     [B]ut the Jews cried out, “If you release Him, you are not a Friend of Caesar. Everyone who makes himself a king opposes Caesar.” . . .
     And he said to the Jews, “Behold, your king!”
     They cried out, “Take Him away, take Him away! Crucify Him!”
     Pilate said to them, “Shall I crucify your king?”
     The chief priests answered, “We have no king but Caesar.”
     Then he handed Him over to them to be crucified. So they took Jesus, and carrying the cross Himself He went out to what is called the Place of the Skull, in Hebrew, Golgotha.
 
 

The Crucifixion
 

The conversion of sinners, the perseverance of the just, and relief of the souls in purgatory
 

Isaiah 53:11b-12

Through his suffering, my servant shall justify many,
    and their guilt he shall bear.
Therefore I will give him his portion among the great,
    and he shall divide the spoils with the mighty,
Because he surrendered himself to death
    and was counted among the wicked;
And he shall take away the sins of many,
    and win pardon for their offenses.
 
1 Corinthians 1:18-19, 22-25, 27-31
The message of the cross is foolishness to those who are perishing, but to us who are being saved it is the power of God. For it is written: “I will destroy the wisdom of the wise, and the learning of the learned I will set aside.” For Jews demand signs and Greeks look for wisdom, but we proclaim Christ crucified, a stumbling block to Jews and foolishness to Gentiles, but to those who are called, Jews and Greeks alike, Christ the power of God and the wisdom of God. For the foolishness of God is wiser than human wisdom, and the weakness of God is stronger than human strength. Rather, God chose the foolish of the world to shame the wise, and God chose the weak of the world to shame the strong, and God chose the lowly and despised of the world, those who count for nothing, to reduce to nothing those who are something, so that no human being might boast before God. It is due to Him that you are in Christ Jesus, who became for us wisdom from God, as well as righteousness, sanctification, and redemption, so that, as it is written, “Whoever boasts, should boast in the Lord.”
 
 

THE GLORIOUS MYSTERIES

The Resurrection

Love of God and fervor in His service

Luke 24:1-8

At daybreak on the first day of the week they took the spices they had prepared and went to the tomb. They found the stone rolled away from the tomb; but when they entered, they did not find the body of the Lord Jesus.
     While they were puzzling over this, behold, two men in dazzling garments appeared to them. They were terrified and bowed their faces to the ground. They said to them, “Why do you seek the living one among the dead? He is not here, but He has been raised. Remember what He said to you while He was still in Galilee, that the Son of Man must be handed over to sinners and be crucified, and rise on the third day.” And they remembered His words.
 
 

The Ascension

Ardent desire for heaven, our true home

Luke 24:46-53

And He said to them, “Thus it is written that the Messiah would suffer and rise from the dead on the third day and that repentance, for the forgiveness of sins, would be preached in His name to all the nations, beginning from Jerusalem. You are witnesses of these things. And (behold) I am sending the promise of My Father upon you; but stay in the city until you are clothed with power from on high.” Then He led them (out) as far as Bethany, raised His hands, and blessed them.
     As He blessed them He parted from them and was taken up to heaven. They did Him homage and then returned to Jerusalem with great joy, and they were continually in the temple praising God.
 
 

The Descent of the Holy Spirit (Pentecost)

The coming of the Holy Spirit into our souls

Acts 1:13-14, 2:1-4

When they entered the city they went to the upper room where they were staying, Peter and John and James and Andrew, Philip and Thomas, Bartholomew and Matthew, James son of Alphaeus, Simon the Zealot, and Judas son of James. All these devoted themselves with one accord to prayer, together with some women, and Mary the mother of Jesus, and his brothers. . . .
     When the time for Pentecost was fulfilled, they were all in one place together. And suddenly there came from the sky a noise like a strong driving wind, and it filled the entire house in which they were. Then there appeared to them tongues as of fire, which parted and came to rest on each one of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in different tongues, as the Spirit enabled them to proclaim.
 
 

The Assumption of the Blessed Virgin into Heaven

Tender devotion for so good a mother

Pope Pius XII, The Apostolic Constitution Munificentissimus Deus: 21, 22, 38.

St. John Damascene, an outstanding herald of this traditional truth, spoke out with powerful eloquence when he compared the bodily Assumption of the loving Mother of God with her other prerogatives and privileges. “It was fitting that she, who had kept her virginity intact in childbirth, should keep her own body free from all corruption even after death. It was fitting that she, who had carried the Creator as a child at her breast, should dwell in the divine tabernacles. It was fitting that the spouse, whom the Father had taken to Himself, should live in the divine mansions. It was fitting that she, who had seen her Son upon the cross and who had thereby received into her heart the sword of sorrow which she had escaped in the act of giving birth to Him, should look upon Him as He sits with the Father. It was fitting that God’s Mother should possess what belongs to her Son, and that she should be honored by every creature as the Mother and as the handmaid of God.”
     These words of St. John Damascene agree perfectly with what others have taught on this same subject. Statements no less clear and accurate are to be found in sermons delivered by Fathers of an earlier time or of the same period, particularly on the occasion of this feast. . . .
     All these proofs and considerations of the holy Fathers and the theologians are based upon the Sacred Writings as their ultimate foundation. These set the loving Mother of God as it were before our very eyes as most intimately joined to her divine Son and as always sharing His lot. Consequently it seems impossible to think of her, the one who conceived Christ, brought Him forth, nursed Him with her milk, held Him in her arms, and clasped Him to her breast, as being apart from Him in body, even though not in soul, after this earthly life. Since our Redeemer is the Son of Mary, He could not do otherwise, as the perfect observer of God’s law, than to honor, not only His eternal Father, but also His most beloved Mother. And, since it was within His power to grant her this great honor, to preserve her from the corruption of the tomb, we must believe that He really acted in this way.
 
 

The Coronation of the Blessed Virgin as Queen of Heaven

Perseverance in grace and a crown of glory hereafter

Pope Pius XII, The Apostolic Constitution Munificentissimus Deus: 41, 42.

Hence the revered Mother of God, from all eternity joined in a hidden way with Jesus Christ in one and the same decree of predestination, immaculate in her conception, a most perfect virgin in her divine motherhood, the noble associate of the divine Redeemer who has won a complete triumph over sin and its consequences, finally obtained, as the supreme culmination of her privileges, that she should be preserved free from the corruption of the tomb and that, like her own Son, having overcome death, she might be taken up body and soul to the glory of heaven where, as Queen, she sits in splendor at the right hand of her Son, the immortal King of the Ages.
     And so we may hope that those who meditate upon the glorious example Mary offers us may be more and more convinced of the value of a human life entirely devoted to carrying out the heavenly Father’s will and to bringing good to others. Thus, while the illusory teachings of materialism and the corruption of morals that follows from these teachings threaten to extinguish the light of virtue and to ruin the lives of men by exciting discord among them, in this magnificent way all may see clearly to what a lofty goal our bodies and souls are destined.

 

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Notes.

1. In 1917, the children of Fátima reported that Our Lady told them to add this prayer to the Rosary, after each decade, following the Gloria Patri. Here is the Portuguese original:

 

O MEU Jesus,
perdoai-nos e livrai nos do fogo do inferno;
levai as alminhas todas para o Céu,
principalmente aquelas que mais precisarem.

And here it is in Latin:

 

O MI Jesu,
dimítte nobis débita nostra, líbera nos ab igne inférni,
conduc in cælum omnes ánimas,
præsértim illas quæ máxime índigent misericórdia tua.

2. Nor are they all congruent with the underlying spiritual focus of the Rosary. The Rosary recounts mysteries with which the Blessed Virgin was intimately involved. (Even though she was not physically present with Jesus in His agony in the garden of Gethsemane, tradition has asserted that she was spiritually united with Him in His sufferings.) In contrast, at the Baptism of Jesus, God the Father proclaimed to the onlookers that Jesus is His Son; the Blessed Virgin had no need to hear this, for she already knew very well by Whom Jesus was conceived. Similarly, Jesus intended the Transfiguration to be an awesome mystery to which the Apostles could cling during the emotional devastation of the Crucifixion; the Blessed Virgin had no need of such reassurance.
     Therefore, in place of the Baptism in the Jordan, I personally meditate on the mystery of the Adoration by the Three Kings, and in place of the Transfiguration, I meditate on the mystery of the Raising of Lazarus from the Dead.

 

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